There are several conditions that are considered as mental illnesses. A psychiatrist is the professional who can help diagnose the mental problem and provide treatment.
Types of Mental Disorders
- Mood disorders –These disorders involve persistent feelings of sadness and periods of overly happy. There is a fluctuation from extreme sadness to extreme happiness. The most common mood disorders are cyclothymic disorder, depression and bipolar disorder.
- Anxiety disorders – People with this type of disorder respond to certain situations of objects with fear and horror. They show physical signs of being panicky or anxious with a rapid heartbeat and sweating. Psychiatrists diagnose anxiety disorder when a person’s response if not appropriate for the situation. The person cannot control the response. His anxiety interferes with normal functioning. Anxiety disorder includes social anxiety disorder, panic disorder and specific phobia.
- Eating disorders – When a person experiences extreme emotions, attitudes and behavior with regards to weight and food he is suffering from eating disorder. The most common eating disorders are bulimina nervosa, anorexia nervosa and binge eating disorder.
- Impulse control and addiction disorders – people who have this type of disorder cannot resist urges or impulses to do some acts that could be harmful to themselves or to others. Common impulse disorders include kleptomania or an urge to steal. It also includes pyromania or the impulse to start a fire. Also included in this type of disorder is the compulsive gambling. Alcohol and drugs are objects of addictions and people addicted to these objects begin to ignore relationships and responsibilities.
- Psychotic disorders – This type of disorder involves a distorted awareness and thinking. The most common signs of psychotic disorder are hallucinations and delusions. In hallucination, a person sees images or hears sound that are not real. Delusion involves false fixed beliefs that a person with psychotic disorder accepts a real and true even when there is evidence to the contrary. Schizophrenia is a very common example of a psychotic person.
- Personality disorders – people suffering from this type of disorder has extreme and inflexible personality traits that become distressing to the person and may cause problems in school, work or social relationships. His pattern of thinking and behavior is very different from social norms. Personality disorders include anti-social personality disorder, obsessive or compulsive personality disorder and paranoid personality disorder.
These are only a few of the several types of mental illnesses that one should know.