Mental health refers to the emotional well-being of a person. It is about how he feels, thinks and behaves. It affects a person’s daily relationships and physical health. It is also the ability of the person to enjoy life. It helps a person maintain a balance between his activities in life and his determination to achieve psychological flexibility.
In the field of Medicine, mental health is defined as an emotional, social, behavioral maturity or the absence of any mental or behavioral disorder or illness. It is a psychological condition where a person has succeeded in attaining an adequate integration of his instinctive drives that is acceptable to himself and to others. It is a balance of work, leisure and love pursuits.
When a person experiences mental health problems, it is possible that his mood, behavior and thinking can be affected.
Factors that may cause mental health problems
- Biological factors – This has to go with heredity or genetics. If mental illnesses run in the family, there is a great chance that a person is likely to develop mental health problems. Studies will show that mental illnesses have something to do with abnormalities in the genes. Metal illness may occur when multiple genes interact with other factors such as stress, traumatic events and abuse. This will trigger metal disorder who a person who has inherited susceptibility to it.
- Experiences in life – When a person experiences traumatic events or grave abuse, it may cause emotional breakdown and the person may snap when the experience is beyond what he could bear. When a person is also living in extreme poverty, especially if he has nothing to eat, this will also trigger mental health problems.
- Family History – a dysfunctional family life can also lead to mental health problems. When parents decide to divorce, children are likely to experience depression and confusion, especially when they are asked to choose which parent they would like to live with.
- Social or Cultural Factors – When society defines beauty with thinness, it can be a factor to development of eating disorders. Some women no longer eat proper food and they psychologically train themselves to vomit after eating so that the food will not be digested and cause increase in weight.
- Other factors include substance abuse like alcohol and prohibited drugs. Medical studies show that every time a person uses a prohibitive drug, a part of the brain is damaged and will cause mental disorder.